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Supplementary Material for: Expression of β-1,4-galactosyltransferases during Aging in Caenorhabditis elegans

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posted on 10.11.2020, 07:29 by Kremer J., Brendel C., Mack E.K.M., Mack H.I.D.
Background: Altered plasma activity of β-1,4-galac­tosyl­transferases (B4GALTs) is a novel candidate biomarker of human aging. B4GALT1 is assumed to be largely responsible for this activity increase, but how it modulates the aging process is unclear at present. Objectives: To determine how expression of B4GALT1 and other B4GALT enzymes changes during aging of an experimentally tractable model organism, Caenorhabditis elegans. Methods: Targeted analysis of mRNA levels of all 3 C. elegans B4GALT family members was performed by qPCR in wild-type and in long-lived daf-2 (insulin/IGF1-like receptor)-deficient or germline-deficient animals. Results: bre-4 (B4GALT1/2/3/4) is the only B4GALT whose expression increases during aging in wild-type worms. In addition, bre-4 levels also rise during aging in long-lived daf-2-deficient worms, but not in animals that are long-lived due to the lack of germline stem cells. On the other hand, expression of sqv-3 (B4GALT7) and of W02B12.11 (B4GALT5/6) appears decreased or constant, respectively, in all backgrounds during aging. Conclusions: The age-dependent bre-4 mRNA increase in C. elegans parallels the age-dependent B4GALT activity increase in humans and is consistent with C. elegans being a suitable experimental organism to define potentially conserved roles of B4GALT1 during aging.

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