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Supplementary Material for: Follow-Up Ileocolonoscopy Is Underused in Crohn’s Disease Patients after Ileocecal Resection despite Higher Total and Inpatient Health-Care Costs Compared to Controls

posted on 26.05.2020, 08:36 by Vavricka S.R., Greuter T., Brüngger B., Blozik E., Celeiro J., Schoepfer A.M., Bähler C.
Background: Postoperative recurrence is frequently observed after ileocecal resection in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients. Since 2010, endoscopy within 1 year is considered the gold standard for its diagnosis. However, if and how frequent such endoscopies are performed in clinical practice remains unknown. Methods: We analyzed 1-year follow-up data on CD patients who underwent ileocecal resection between 2012 and 2014 and compared them with hospitalized, non-resected CD controls. Data were extracted from the Helsana database. Helsana is one of the largest Swiss health insurance companies providing coverage for 1.2 million individuals. Results: A total of 645 CD patients were identified with ≥1 hospitalization between 2012 and 2014 and a follow-up of 1 year. Of these, 79 (12.2%) underwent ileocecal resection. Although endoscopy rates increased over time and were higher in patients with resection versus controls (p = 0.029), in only 54.4% a 1-year follow-up ileocolonoscopy was performed. Postoperative prophylaxis with anti-tumor necrosis factor or azathioprine was prescribed in 63.3%. Female sex and age >60 years were independent predictors for not receiving prophylaxis (odds ratio [OR] 0.36, p = 0.048, and OR 0.2, p = 0.022). Patients with resection had significantly lower numbers of rehospitalizations (1.2 vs. 1.8, p = 0.021), with resection being an independent negative predictor for number of rehospitalizations in a Poisson regression model (incident risk ratio 0.64, p = 0.029). However, disease-related surgery was more often the cause for rehospitalization after resection versus controls (47.6 vs. 22.1%, p = 0.015). Total and inpatient health-care costs were higher in these patients. Conclusion: Endoscopies are underused after ileocecal resection. This contrasts current guidelines. Physicians should be aware of this underuse and perform follow-up examinations more often.