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Supplementary Material for: Functional characterization of thyroid peroxidase missense variants causing thyroid dyshormonogenesis in Asian Indian population

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posted on 2024-07-10, 05:06 authored by Sarma A.S., Desai A., Rao M., Sahoo J.P., Shivaprasad C., Ranganath P., Lakshmi P., D'Sa L., Dalal A.
Introduction: Thyroid dyshormonogenesis (TDH) is a sub-group of congenital hypothyroidism with recessive inheritance resulting from disease causing variants in thyroid hormone biosynthesis pathway genes, like DUOX2, TG, TPO, SLC5A5, SLC26A4, IYD, DUOXA2, SLC26A7 and SECISBP2. Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is a crucial enzyme involved in thyroid hormone biosynthesis and is one of the frequently mutated genes in patients with TDH. The purpose of the study is to describe the insilico and functional characterization of novel variants in TPO gene identified in patients with thyroid dyshormonogenesis. Methods: We performed exome sequencing in Indian patients with TDH. In the current study, we describe the results of patients with TPO gene mutations. Exome sequencing results were further analysed by sanger sequencing, computational studies and invitro functional studies such as immunofluorescence and enzyme assay. Results: We identified nine biallelic disease-causing variants in the TPO gene in twelve patients from nine unrelated Indian families. Eight of the nine variants were novel. No recurrent variants were identified. Computational analysis of six missense variants showed that these amino acid substitutions caused changes in non-covalent interactions with the adjacent residues that may affect the TPO protein structure and function. In-vitro experimental data using immunofluorescence assay showed that these variants did not affect the plasma membrane localization of the TPO protein but caused significant loss of TPO enzymatic activity compared to wild type. Conclusion: Our study revealed multiple novel pathogenic variants in TPO gene in Indian patients, thereby expanding the genotype spectrum. Functional studies helped us to reveal the pathogenicity of the missense variants.


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