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Supplementary Material for: Genetic Variants in One-Carbon Metabolism Pathway Predict Survival Outcomes of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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posted on 13.08.2020, 13:59 by Do S.K., Choi S.H., Lee S.Y., Choi J.E., Kang H.-G., Hong M.J., Kim J.H., Baek S.A., Lee J.H., Lee W.K., Do Y.W., Lee E.B., Shin K.M., Jeong J.Y., Lee Y.H., Seo H., Yoo S.S., Lee J., Cha S.I., Kim C.H., Seok Y., Cho S., Jheon S., Park J.Y.
Background: This study was conducted to investigate the association between genetic variants in one-carbon metabolism and survival outcomes of surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We genotyped 41 potentially functional variants of 19 key genes in the one-carbon metabolism pathway among 750 NSCLC patients who underwent curative surgery. The association between genetic variants and overall survival (OS)/disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed. Results: Among the 41 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analyzed, 4 SNPs (MTHFD1L rs6919680T>G and rs3849794T>C, MTR rs2853523C>A, and MTHFR rs4846049G>T) were significantly associated with survival outcomes. MTHFD1L rs6919680T>G and MTR rs2853523C>A were significantly associated with better OS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 0.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.54–0.99, p = 0.04) and worse OS (aHR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.13–4.07, p = 0.02), respectively. MTHFD1L rs3849794T>C and MTHFR rs4846049G>T were significantly associated with worse DFS (aHR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.08–1.83, p = 0.01; and aHR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.10–3.53, p = 0.02, respectively). When the patients were divided according to histology, the associations were significant only in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but not in adenocarcinoma (AC). In SCC, MTHFD1L rs6919680T>G and MTR rs2853523C>A were significantly associated with better OS (aHR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.41–1.00, p = 0.05) and worse OS (aHR = 2.77, 95% CI = 1.11–6.91, p = 0.03), respectively, and MTHFD1L rs3849794T>C and MTHFR rs4846049G>T were significantly associated with worse DFS (aHR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.17–2.56, p = 0.01; and aHR = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.12–6.88, p = 0.03, respectively). Conclusions: Our results suggest that the genetic variants in the one-carbon metabolism pathway could be used as biomarkers for predicting the clinical outcomes of patients with early-stage NSCLC.

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