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Supplementary Material for: High Frequency of DUOX2 Mutations in Transient or Permanent Congenital Hypothyroidism with Eutopic Thyroid Glands

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posted on 20.09.2014, 00:00 by Jin H.Y., Heo S.-H., Kim Y.-M., Kim G.-H., Choi J.-H., Lee B.-H., Yoo H.-W.
Background/Aims: This study aimed to clarify the frequency, phenotypes, and molecular spectrum of DUOX2, TPO, TSHR, and TG mutations in patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) with enlarged or normal-sized eutopic thyroid glands. Methods: The study cohort included 43 subjects from 41 unrelated families who had CH with eutopic thyroid glands. Mutation analyses of DUOX2, TPO, and TSHR were performed. The functional capacities of novel missense variants of DUOX2 were verified by measuring H2O2 generation in vitro. Results: Of the 43 subjects, 23 (53.5%) had sequence variants in at least one gene. Twelve different DUOX2 variants, including seven novel variants, were identified in 20 subjects. A functional analysis of the DUOX2 variants revealed that most variants, other than p.G206V and p.H678R, caused a significant reduction in H2O2 generation. Therefore, 15 subjects harbored functionally deleterious DUOX2 variants. Of these, 5 subjects had transient CH, and 10 were found to have permanent CH. Sequence variants in TSHR were identified in 5 subjects. One of the 43 subjects (2.3%) had sequence variants in two different genes. Conclusions:DUOX2 variants are a relatively common cause of CH with normal-sized or enlarged eutopic thyroid glands. Variable phenotypes were associated with partial loss of the functional activity of DUOX2 variants.