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Supplementary Material for: Human Ribonuclease 6 has a Protective Role During Experimental Urinary Tract Infection

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posted on 2023-11-18, 09:01 authored by Ruiz-Rosado J.D., Cortado H., Kercsmar M., Li B., Ballash G., Cotzomi-Ortega I., Sanchez-Zamora Y.I., Gupta S., Ching C.B., Boix E., Jackson A.R., Spencer J.D., Becknell B.
Mounting evidence suggests that antimicrobial peptides and proteins (AMPs) belonging to the RNase A superfamily have a critical role in defending the bladder and kidney from bacterial infection. RNase 6 has been identified as a potent, leukocyte-derived AMP, but its impact on urinary tract infection (UTI) in vivo has not been demonstrated. To test the functional role of human RNase 6, we generated RNASE6 transgenic mice and studied their susceptibility to experimental UTI. In addition, we generated bone marrow derived macrophages to study the impact of RNase 6 on antimicrobial activity within a cellular context. When subjected to experimental UTI, RNASE6 transgenic mice developed reduced UPEC burden, mucosal injury, and inflammation compared to non-transgenic controls. Monocytes and macrophages were the predominant cellular sources of RNase 6 during UTI, and RNASE6 transgenic macrophages were more proficient at intracellular UPEC killing than non-transgenic controls. Altogether, our findings indicate a protective role for human RNase 6 during experimental UTI.

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    Journal of Innate Immunity

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