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Supplementary Material for: Increased Serum Periostin Levels and Eosinophils in Nasal Polyps Are Associated with the Preventive Effect of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Asthma Exacerbations in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients

posted on 30.07.2020, 08:50 by Kanemitsu Y., Kurokawa R., Ono J., Fukumitsu K., Takeda N., Fukuda S., Uemura T., Tajiri T., Ohkubo H., Maeno K., Ito Y., Oguri T., Takemura M., Yap J., Nishiyama H., Masaki A., Ozawa Y., Izuhara K., Suzuki M., Niimi A.
Background: Eosinophilic nasal polyps (NPs) are associated with the presence of asthma in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients. Serum periostin has been considered a relevant biomarker for unified airway diseases. Objective: To determine the utility of biomarkers including serum periostin that reflects reduction of exacerbations of comorbid asthma in CRS patients. Methods: We prospectively recruited 56 CRS patients who were subjected to undergo endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) (20 with asthma) between October 2015 and December 2017 and followed them for 1 year after ESS. Blood eosinophil count, serum periostin, and fractional nitric oxide (FeNO) were measured at enrollment. How these type 2-driven biomarkers reflect comorbid asthma was determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The frequency of asthma exacerbations during 1 year was counted both before and after ESS. Associations between preoperative biomarkers including eosinophils in NPs and asthma exacerbations were evaluated. Results: Blood eosinophil count, FeNO, and serum periostin levels were significantly higher in CRS patients with asthma than in those without (p < 0.01 for all) and discriminated comorbid asthma among CRS patients (p < 0.05; AUC > 0.80 for all). The increased preoperative serum periostin correlated with lower absolute number of postoperative exacerbations (ρ = −0.49, p = 0.03) and its relative reduction after ESS (ρ = 0.53, p = 0.03) in asthmatic patients. Increased eosinophils in NPs were also associated with reduced asthma exacerbations. Conclusion: Preoperative increased serum periostin and eosinophils in NPs are associated with the preventive effect of ESS for asthma exacerbations in CRS patients comorbid with asthma.