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Supplementary Material for: Induction of Genes Expressed in Endothelial Cells of the Corpus Callosum in the Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion Rat Model

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posted on 26.07.2016, 11:28 by Aso Y., Nakamura K., Kimura N., Takemaru M., Fujiki M., Hirano T., Kumamoto T., Matsubara E.
Background: Cerebrovascular white matter lesions (WMLs) are associated with cognitive impairment in patients with subcortical vascular dementia. We performed a comprehensive gene expression analysis to elucidate genes associated with WML development in a chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rat model. Methods: Brains of rats with bilateral carotid ligation (2VO, n = 10) and sham-operated rats (n = 5-10/group) were removed on days 1, 7, or 28 after surgery. Total RNA isolated from the corpus callosum was evaluated by microarray analysis and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results: On days 7 and 28, WMLs exhibited histologic changes. On day 7, 16 genes were differentially expressed between groups. mRNA levels of Ptprb, Kcnj8, Crispld2, Bcl6b, and Gja5 were differentially expressed in 2VO rats on day 7, but then returned to normal, whereas mRNA levels of Vwf and Trappc6a were upregulated after day 7. Immunohistochemistry showed that GJA5 and vWF were detected in endothelial cells, KCNJ8 in endothelial cells and astrocytes, CRISPLD2 in neurons and astrocytes, and TRAPPC6A in neurons. Conclusion: Our findings indicate novel genes that may be associated with WML development in the chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rat model, and suggest an important role of neurovascular dysfunction in the pathophysiology.