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Supplementary Material for: Inhibition of Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Gamma protects endothelial cells via the Akt signaling pathway in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury

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posted on 21.09.2022, 12:27 authored by Li H., Xu J.-X., Cheng T.-C., Tian L.-J., Lin J.-F., Luo X., Bian Z.-L., Han X.-D.
Introduction: Sepsis is a primary cause of death in critically ill patients and characterized by multiple organ dysfunction, including sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI), which contributes to high mortality in sepsis. However, its pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. The kidney has one of the richest and most diversified endothelial cell populations in the body. This study was designed to investigate the effects of endothelial dysfunction in sepsis-induced AKI and explore possible intervention measures to offer new insight for the pathogenesis and treatment of sepsis-induced AKI. Methods: The circulating levels of endothelial adhesion molecules were detected in patients with sepsis and healthy controls, to observe the role of endothelial damage in sepsis and sepsis-induced AKI. A murine sepsis model induced by cecal ligation and perforation was pretreated with a phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kγ) inhibitor (CZC24832), and survival, kidney damage and renal endothelial injury were assessed by pathological examination, immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Lipopolysaccharides and CZC24832 were administered to human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro, and endothelial cell function and the expression of adhesion molecules were evaluated. Results: Endothelial damage was more serious in sepsis-induced AKI than that in non-AKI, and the inhibition of PI3Kγ alleviates renal endothelial injury in a murine sepsis model, protecting endothelial cell function, and repairing endothelial cell injury through the Akt signaling pathway. Conclusions: In this study, endothelial cell dysfunction plays an important role in sepsis-induced AKI, and the inhibition of PI3Kγ alleviates endothelial cell injury in sepsis-induced AKI through the PI3Kγ/Akt pathway, providing novel targets for treating sepsis and related kidney injury.