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Supplementary Material for: Lipid Transfer Protein Syndrome in a Non-Mediterranean Area

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posted on 04.05.2016, 00:00 by Azofra J., Berroa F., Gastaminza G., Saiz N., Gamboa P.M., Vela C., García B.E., Lizarza S., Echenagusia M.A., Joral A.
Background: Plant food allergies associated with lipid transfer protein (LTP) have been widely described in the Mediterranean Basin. Objective: The aim of this work was to describe the clinical profile and pollen sensitization of plant food- allergic patients sensitized to LTP in a non-Mediterranean area. Methods: Patients with clear IgE-mediated symptoms associated with plant foods and a positive skin prick test (SPT) to Pru p 3 were included in a prospective study in the north of Spain. Reported symptoms were analyzed together with a battery of food and pollen SPTs and specific IgE components by ISAC microarray. Cross-inhibition studies were performed by ImmunoCAP with plane tree, mugwort and rPru p 3. Results: Among the 72 patients included, the most frequent food allergy reported was to peaches (69%) followed by nuts (walnuts 55%, peanuts 54% and hazelnuts 43%). Most patients suffered from symptoms with multiple plant foods (a median of 6 foods per patient). Regarding the patients' pollen sensitization, 36% were sensitized to mugwort pollen (72% showing sIgE to Art v 3), 33% to grass pollen and 24% to plane tree pollen (94% with sIgE to Pla a 3). Inhibition studies showed that specific IgEs against mugwort and plane tree pollen are inhibited by Pru p 3 in a strong manner, whereas Pru p 3 was less inhibited by pollen extracts. Conclusions: LTP syndrome occurs in a non-Mediterranean area and is related to multiple sensitizations to foods and pollens such as plane tree and mugwort. In these pollen sensitizations, Pru p 3 seems to be the primary sensitizer.