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Supplementary Material for: Long-Term Occupational Sleep Loss and Post-Retirement Cognitive Decline or Dementia

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posted on 25.05.2020 by Thomas J., Overeem S., Claassen J.A.H.R.
Introduction: Recent evidence suggests that poor sleep is a risk factor that contributes to the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Most studies have focused on short-term effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive function, whereas longitudinal studies are limited to self-reported sleep and the risk of later-life dementia. Because sleep loss could be an early manifestation of neurodegenerative disease, reverse causality in these studies cannot be excluded. Objective: In this explorative, observational study, we investigated the effects of extended periods of extrinsically (work-related) caused sleep loss on later-life cognitive function, early dementia symptoms, and current sleep quality. Methods: We approached a community of retired male maritime pilots (approx. n = 500) through a newsletter. We investigated 50 respondents (mean age 71.7 years ± 7.7), with a history of > 25 years of work on irregular schedules, which resulted in extended periods of sleep loss. Validated questionnaires on cognitive complaints (Cognitive Failure Questionnaire [CFQ]), early dementia symptoms (Early Dementia Questionnaire [EDQ]), current sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI] and sleep-wake diaries), quality of life (QoL, EQ-5D), and mood (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]) were administered by a single investigator (J.T.), who also completed an observer rating of cognitive function. Results: Scores on the CFQ, EDQ, PSQI, EQ-5D, and HADS were within normal ranges adjusted for age, sex, and education. The observer rating was not indicative of cognitive decline. Conclusion: We found no evidence that long-term exposure to work-related sleep loss had resulted in cognitive decline or early dementia symptoms in this sample of retired maritime pilots.

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