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Supplementary Material for: Management Of Acute Adrenal Insufficiency Related Adverse Events In Children With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Results Of An International Survey Of Specialist Centres

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posted on 13.05.2022, 08:51 by Ali S.R., Bryce J., Krone N.P., ClaahsenvanderGrinten H.L., Ahmed S.F.
Introduction There is wide variation in reported rates of acute adrenal insufficiency (AI) related adverse events (sick day episodes and adrenal crises) between centres. This study aimed to evaluate the level of consensus on criteria considered essential for defining and managing these events in children with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. Methods Active users of the International Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia & International Disorders of Sex Development (I-CAH/I-DSD) Registries (n=66), non-active users of I-CAH/I-DSD (n=35) and the EuRRECa e-Reporting Registry (n=10) were approached to complete an online survey. Results Fifty-six centres from 27 countries responded to the survey; the response rates for the three groups were 42 (65%), 11 (31%) and 3 (30%), respectively. Steroid management plans, one to one patient education and contact details of health care staff were provided by over 90% of centres in high income countries. All 56 centres advised glucocorticoid stress dosing in the event of fever. Less common indications for sick day dosing included vaccination and mild afebrile intercurrent illness, recommended by 17 (30%) and 9 (16%) centres, respectively. The most frequently reported stress dosing regimens were tripling the total daily dose of hydrocortisone and administering 3 times daily and doubling or tripling the largest daily hydrocortisone dose depending on the nature of the trigger and administering 3 times daily, recommended by 24 (43%) and 21 (38%) centres, respectively. Vomiting was the most common indication for intramuscular hydrocortisone injection, reported by 34 (61%) centres. Over 50% of respondents indicated that essential clinical criteria for adrenal crisis should include fatigue and nausea or vomiting and over 60% indicated that hypotension, hyponatraemia, hyperkalaemia and clinical improvement following parenteral glucocorticoids were essential criteria. In the event of an adrenal crisis, 47 (84%) reported that the majority of patients were admitted to hospital. For the management of an adrenal crisis, a bolus parenteral injection of hydrocortisone was the most frequently administered medication, reported by 50 (89%) centres. Conclusion Although there is variation in the definition and management of AI related adverse events in children amongst centres, there is also a good level of consensus on specific aspects that can lead to greater benchmarking of care.