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Supplementary Material for: Methylated DNA and Total DNA in Serum Detected by One-Step Methylation-Specific PCR Is Predictive of Poor Prognosis for Breast Cancer Patients

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posted on 05.09.2012, 00:00 by Fujita N., Nakayama T., Yamamoto N., Kim S.J., Shimazu K., Shimomura A., Maruyama N., Morimoto K., Tamaki Y., Noguchi S.
Purpose: We recently developed the one-step methylation-specific PCR (OS-MSP) assay which can detect methylated DNA (met-DNA) in serum with high sensitivity. To examine its prognostic value, we applied this new assay to the detection of met-DNA in serum of breast cancer patients. Methods: Serum samples taken before surgery from 336 primary invasive breast cancer patients were subjected to the OS-MSP assay for the promoter regions of GSTP1, RASSF1A, and RARβ2. The assay outcome was considered positive when methylation was detected in at least one of these three genes. Total DNA content in serum was also determined. Results: Of the 336 stage I/II patients, 33 (10%) were positive for met-DNA in serum and showed a significantly worse overall survival (OS) rate at 100 months (78 vs. 95%; p = 0.002) than those with negative findings (n = 303). Patients with high total DNA in serum (n = 112) also showed a significantly worse OS rate at 100 months (86 vs. 97%; p = 0.001) than those with low total DNA in serum (n = 224). Moreover, patients both positive for met-DNA and with high total DNA in serum (n = 18) showed a much worse OS rate at 100 months (65 vs. 94%; p < 0.001) than the others (n = 318). Conclusions: Met-DNA in serum detected with the OS-MSP assay constitutes a significant and independent prognostic factor, and its combination with total DNA in serum seems to be even more effective for prediction of prognosis for breast cancer patients.