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Supplementary Material for: Monitoring of COVID-19-Associated Coagulopathy and Anticoagulation with Thromboelastometry

posted on 26.02.2021, 06:06 by Katz D., Maher P., Getrajdman C., Hamburger J., Zhao S., Madek J., Bhatt H., Levin M., Görlinger K.
Introduction: Thrombosis occurs frequently in COVID-19. While the exact mechanism is unclear, 3 processes seem to play important roles in sepsis-related thrombosis and mortality: tissue factor expression on circulating monocytes and microparticles, hypercoagulability (increased clot firmness), and hypofibrinolysis. Rotational thromboelastometry is a point-of-care viscoelastic technique that uses the viscoelastic properties of blood to monitor coagulation. Using various assays, viscoelastometry could monitor this triad of changes in severely ill, COVID-19-positive patients. Similarly, with the increased incidence of coagulopathy, many patients are placed on anticoagulants, making management more difficult depending on the agents utilized. Viscoelastometry might also be used in these settings to monitor anticoagulation status and guide therapy, as it has in other areas. Case Presentation: We present a case series of 6 patients with different stages of disease and different management plans. These cases occurred at the height of the pandemic in New York City, which limited testing abilities. We first discuss the idea of using the NaHEPTEM test as a marker of tissue factor expression in COVID-19. We then present cases where patients are on different anticoagulants and review how viscoelastometry might be used in a patient on anticoagulation with COVID-19. Conclusion: In a disease such as COVID-19, which has profound effects on hemostasis and coagulation, viscoelastometry may aid in patient triage, disease course monitoring, and anticoagulation management.