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Supplementary Material for: Mortality and Cardiovascular Morbidity Associated with Haemoglobin Levels: A Pooled Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials

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posted on 12.10.2017, 14:04 by Locatelli F., de Francisco A., Deray G., Fliser D., Armstrong G., Dougherty F.C., Ehrhard P.

Background/Aims: Several randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have raised concerns about potential harm associated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in chronic kidney disease patients, especially when haemoglobin (Hb) levels above 13 g/dl were targeted. We report the relationship between Hb levels and outcomes in the methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta RCT programme. Methods: We assessed the association between Hb and a composite end point, as well as its components [all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI) or cerebrovascular events (CVE)], in multiple post hoc analyses of 9 prospective RCTs (3,405 chronic kidney disease patients). Mean Hb levels over time and deviation from target were analysed using a Cox regression model. Time-adjusted average Hb, deviation from target, the last Hb, Hb slope and within-patient Hb variability preceding an event were analysed using a time-dependent Cox model. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Results: Average Hb <10 g/dl, decrease from stable baseline Hb >1 g/dl, last Hb <10 g/dl, Hb decline >1.5 g/dl/4 weeks and increased Hb variability were associated with a higher risk of the composite end point and all-cause mortality. An increased risk for CVE and MI was found with a last Hb <10 g/dl and with a decrease from baseline >1 g/dl in the preceding month. Conclusion: In multiple analyses from a large programme of prospective clinical trials of ESA treatment, risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity risk was consistently higher at Hb <10 g/dl and in patients whose Hb fell below target.