Supplementary Material for: Nonmosaic Trisomy 19p13.3p13.2 Resulting from a Rare Unbalanced t(Y;19)(q12;p13.2) Translocation in a Patient with Pachygyria and Polymicrogyria

posted on 06.07.2020 by Martínez Anaya D., Fernández Hernández L., González del Angel A., Alcántara Ortigoza M.A., Ulloa Avilés V., Pérez Vera P.
Nonmosaic trisomy involving 19p13.3p13.2 is a very uncommon abnormality. At present, only 12 cases with this genetic condition have been reported in the literature. However, the size of the trisomic fragment is heterogeneous and thus, the clinical spectrum is variable. Herein, we report the clinical and cytogenetic characterization of a 5-year-old boy with nonmosaic trisomy 19p13.3p13.2 (7.38 Mb), generated by a derivative Y chromosome resulting from a de novo unbalanced translocation t(Y;19)(q12;p13.2). We demonstrated the integrity of the euchromatic regions in the abnormal Y chromosome to confirm the pure trisomy 19p. Our patient shares some clinical features described in other reported patients with pure trisomy 19p, such as craniofacial anomalies, developmental delay, and heart defects. Different to previous reports, our case exhibits frontal pachygyria and polymicrogyria. These additional features contribute to further delineate the clinical spectrum of trisomy 19p13.3p13.2.