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Supplementary Material for: Novel Guarded Needle Trans-Scleral Biopsy for Uveal Melanoma: A Pilot Study

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posted on 02.06.2021, 09:15 by Shahlaee A., Abdelaziz M., Seider M.I.
Introduction: Trans-scleral biopsy of uveal melanoma (UM) poses an inherent risk of tumor and possibly retinal perforation. We describe a novel technique for trans-scleral biopsy of UM and evaluate its safety and efficacy in an initial cohort of patients. Methods: A retrospective, consecutive observational case series was conducted from October 14, 2019, to April 15, 2020, at Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco, CA among patients with UM of the ciliary body or anterior choroid undergoing trans-scleral fine-needle aspiration biopsy using a novel guarded needle technique. Results: A total of 6 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 64.3 (range 35–77) years (5 women 83%). Mean (±SD) tumor thickness and maximal basal diameter were 6.4 (±2.66) and 11.9 (±2.13) mm, respectively. Five out of 6 patients achieved a successful biopsy with reliable gene expression profiling (GEP) results. The only failure to obtain specimen occurred in the first attempted patient and, after a minor technique modification, all subsequent biopsies were successful. No intraoperative or short-term postoperative complications were observed in any patient. Conclusion: This novel trans-scleral biopsy technique appears to be safe and effective when obtaining UM tissue for GEP. This method may provide a more controlled biopsy depth thereby minimizing the risk of tumor perforation and its associated complications while still obtaining adequate biopsy yield.

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