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Supplementary Material for: Orofacial Granulomatosis and Crohn Disease: Coincidence or Pattern? A Systematic Review

posted on 12.02.2021, 10:03 by Gavioli C.F.B., Florezi G.P., Dabronzo M.L.D., Jiménez M.R., Nico M.M.S., Lourenço S.V.
Background: To systematically review all cases of orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) and evaluate the association between OFG and Crohn disease (CD). Summary: This review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines and a search of the PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase databases, and the Cochrane Library in March 2020, using keywords and MeSH terms associated with “orofacial granulomatosis,” “Crohn disease,” and their variants, with no language restrictions and across all age groups. All relevant articles were accessed in full text. Single case reports and articles on sarcoidosis, allergy, ulcerative colitis, and infectious diseases were excluded from the analysis. Results: We retrieved 507 reports on OFG. The mean age at onset was 23.3 years (range 2–89 years). A total of 240 (47.3%) females and 267 (52.6%) males were included. CD was present in 93 children aged <16 years (68.3%) and in 43 adults (31.9%). In most cases, the OFG appeared before the CD. The most common clinical manifestations were intraoral mucosa abnormalities (n = 251; 49.5%), lower-lip swelling (n = 249; 49.1%), upper-lip swelling (n = 227; 44.7%), and gingivae (n = 193; 38.7%). Patients with concurrent CD were more likely to experience involvement of the buccal sulcus. Key Messages: OFG presents primarily as a solo entity. The OFG that was associated with CD was present in 93 children aged under 16 years (68.3%) and in 43 adults (31.9%). Childhood onset of OFG carries with it a higher risk of developing CD.