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Supplementary Material for: Population-Based Distribution and Psychometric Properties of a Short Cognitive Performance Measure in the Population-Based Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study

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posted on 13.07.2011, 00:00 by Wege N., Dlugaj M., Siegrist J., Dragano N., Erbel R., Jöckel K.-H., Moebus S., Weimar C.
Background: Providing a valid and sensitive measure of different domains of cognitive performance in epidemiologic studies of early old-age populations presents a methodological challenge, given the broad range of variability in cognitive functioning in this age group. Objectives: (1) To provide data on the distribution of cognitive performance scores in a representative sample of an early old-age population, and (2) to assess psychometric properties of a short cognitive performance measure developed within the framework of a cohort study. Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting and Participants: As part of the second examination of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study, 4,145 participants aged 50–80 years underwent a short cognitive performance assessment composed of 5 subtests with a mean duration of 7.31 min. Additionally, a subsample of 656 participants had a detailed neuropsychological and neurological examination. Methods: Age- and education-specific cognitive performance scores in the total sample were calculated. Based on data from the subsample, concurrent validity was examined by comparing findings with a clinically validated neuropsychological assessment. Results: In the total sample, younger and more highly educated participants had higher scores of cognitive performance. In the subsample, a good accuracy [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.81 (0.74–0.87)] of the short cognitive performance assessment compared with results from a clinically established Alzheimer disease assessment scale and diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment [AUC = 0.82 (0.78–0.82)] was observed. Conclusion: This brief, cognitive performance measure, documenting good psychometric properties, can be useful in future epidemiological investigations exploring different domains and overall cognitive functioning in early old-age populations.