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Supplementary Material for: Predictive Value of FMO3 Variants on Plasma Disposition and Adverse Reactions of Oral Voriconazole in Febrile Neutropenia

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posted on 30.09.2020, 06:12 by Wang X., Zhao J., Wen T., Liao X., Luo B.
Background and Objectives: With the increasing number of patients with febrile neutropenia (FN), voriconazole (VRC) has been widely used in hospitals for first-line treatment of FN. The study was designed for evaluating the influence of FMO3 mutation on the plasma disposition and adverse reactions of VRC in FN. Materials and Methods: A single-center observational study was conducted in the inpatient ward for 4 years. The genotypes of FMO3 and cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 were detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Patients with neutropenia were screened according to the CYP2C19 metabolic phenotype and other inclusion criteria. Five days after empirical administration of VRC, blood concentrations of VRC and nitrogen oxides in patients’ blood were determined by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI MS/MS). Serum parameters and clinical adverse reaction symptoms in the medical records were collected and statistically analyzed. Results: A total of 165 patients with neutropenia with the intermediate metabolic phenotype of CYP2C19 were screened. At the initial stage of oral VRC treatment, patients with the FMO3 E308G genotype had a poorer plasma disposal ability to VRC than those with the wide type of FMO3 (WT) genotype (p = 0.0005). Moreover, patients with the FMO3 E308G genotype were more likely to have adverse drug reactions and abnormal serum parameters after receiving VRC treatment. For example, the serum potassium level in the FMO3 E308G genotype group was significantly lower than that in the WT group (p = 0.028), the abnormal level of total bilirubin in the FMO3 E308G genotype group was significantly higher than that in the WT group (p = 0.049), and the aspartate aminotransferase level in the E308G group was significantly higher than that in the WT group (p = 0.05). The incidence of atopic dermatitis and visual impairment in the FMO3 E308G genotype group was 67 and 75%, respectively, and the incidences of peripheral neuroedema, headache, and diarrhea were 57, 50, and 60%, respectively, which were significantly different from those in the WT group. Conclusion: FMO3 E308G reduces the activity of the FMO3 enzyme by decreasing the metabolic ability of VRC, which increases the plasma concentration of VRC and may also lead to adverse reactions in patients with FN.

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