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Supplementary Material for: Pregnane-Oximino-Alkyl-Amino-Ether Compound as a Novel Class of TGR5 Receptor Agonist Exhibiting Antidiabetic and Anti-Dyslipidemic Activities

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posted on 23.11.2021, 12:18 by Gupta J., Singh D.P., Verma P.C., Rahuja N., Srivastava R., Ahmad I., Jaiswal N., Kumar H., Gupta A.P., Gupta V., Misra A., Kushwaha H.N., Singh B., Singh S.K., Dwivedi A.K., Gayen J.R., Sanyal S., Srivastava A.K., Pratap R., Tamrakar A.K.
Introduction: The present study deals with the synthesis of pregnane-oximino-amino-alkyl-ethers and their evaluation for antidiabetic and anti-dyslipidemic activities in validated animal and cell culture models. Methods: The effect on glucose tolerance was measured in sucrose-loaded rats; antidiabetic activity was evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and genetically diabetic db/db mice; the anti-dyslipidemic effect was characterized in high-fructose, high-fat diet (HFD)-fed dyslipidemic hamsters. The effect on glucose production and glucose utilization was analyzed in HepG2 liver and L6 skeletal muscle cells, respectively. Results: From the synthesized molecules, pregnane-oximino-amino-alkyl-ether (compound 14b) improved glucose clearance in sucrose-loaded rats and exerted antihyperglycemic activity on STZ-induced diabetic rats. Further evaluation in genetically diabetic db/db mice showed temporal decrease in blood glucose, and improvement in glucose tolerance and lipid parameters, associated with mild improvement in the serum insulin level. Moreover, compound 14b treatment displayed an anti-dyslipidemic effect characterized by significant improvement in altered lipid parameters of the high-fructose, HFD-fed dyslipidemic hamster model. In vitro analysis in the cellular system suggested that compound 14b decreased glucose production in liver cells and stimulated glucose utilization in skeletal muscle cells. These beneficial effects of compound 14b were associated with the activation of the G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor TGR5. Conclusion: Compound 14b exhibits antidiabetic and anti-dyslipidemic activities through activating the TGR5 receptor system and can be developed as a lead for the management of type II diabetes and related metabolic complications.