Supplementary Material for: Prognostic Value of microRNA-133a Expression and Its Clinicopathologic Significance in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Comprehensive Study Based on Meta-Analysis and the TCGA Database
Background: The role of microRNA-133a (miR-133a) in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) is controversial. Thus, we conducted a comprehensive study based on meta-analysis and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Methods: Publications were searched in both English and Chinese databases, and meta-analysis was performed using Stata 12.0. The clinical value of miR-133a in NSCLC was investigated by collecting and calculating data from the TCGA database, and the statistical analysis was performed in R 3.5.0. Results: 5 studies with 364 cases were included in this meta-analysis. The combined pooled result showed that high expression of miR-133a was associated with a favorable survival outcome in NSCLC patients (hazard ratio 0.561, 95% confidence interval 0.396-0.794, p = 0.001). Meanwhile, a total of 984 NSCLC patients were extracted from the TCGA database. Results showed an area under the ROC curve value for miR-133a-3p of 0.902, and the expression of miR-133a-3p was linked with clinicopathologic parameters of NSCLC (p < 0.05), including sex, age, social status, and lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: Our study indicated that miR-133a might act as a tumor suppressor and be a valuable independent prognostic and diagnostic biomarker for NSCLC, and NSCLC patients with high expression of miR-133 might have a better prognosis.