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Supplementary Material for: Prognostic value of CAF marker expression in the intratumoral and marginal areas of soft tissue sarcoma

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posted on 2024-07-04, 14:08 authored by Umakoshi M., Kudo-Asabe Y., Tsuchie H., Li Z., Koyama K., Miyabe K., Yoshida M., Nagasawa H., Nanjo H., Okada K., Maeda D., Miyakoshi N., Tanaka M., Goto A.
Introduction: The tumor microenvironment of sarcomas has not been studied in detail; in particular, little is known about cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). Sarcoma cells are difficult to distinguish from CAFs, either histomorphologically or immunohistochemically. Methods: We scored expression of individual CAF markers (fibroblast activating protein (FAP), CD10, and podoplanin) in the intratumoral and marginal areas of 133 sarcomas. We also examined the association between these markers, as well as the number of CD163-positive macrophages (i.e., tumor-associated macrophages), and clinical outcome. Results: In all cases, the log-rank test revealed that those with high marker scores and macrophage counts (except for marginal CD10+ CAFs) showed significantly worse disease-free survival (DFS). Grade 2/3 cases with high CAF scores (excluding the marginal FAP and CD10 scores) showed significantly worse DFS, whereas those with high intratumoral FAP/CD10 and marginal podoplanin scores showed significantly worse metastasis-free survival (MFS), and those with a high intratumoral CD10 score showed significantly worse local recurrence-free survival (LFS). Multivariate analysis identified intratumoral CD10/podoplanin scores and marginal FAP/podoplanin scores as independent prognostic factors for DFS, intratumoral FAP/CD10 and marginal FAP/podoplanin/CD163-positive macrophage scores as independent prognostic factors for MFS, and the intratumoral podoplanin score as an independent prognostic factor for LFS. There was a weak-to-moderate correlation between each score and CD163-positive macrophage counts. Conclusion: Patients with high CAF marker expression in the intratumoral and marginal areas have a poorer outcome.

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