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Supplementary Material for: Psychological Aspects of Treatment with Intragastric Balloon for Management of Obesity: A Systematic Review of the Literature

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posted on 23.11.2021, 07:40 by Pietrabissa G., Bertuzzi V., Simpson S., GuerriniUsubini A., Cattivelli R., Bertoli S., Mozzi E., Roviaro G., Castelnuovo G., Molinari E.
Introduction: Optimizing maintenance of weight loss for people with obesity following intragastric balloon (IGB) therapy hinges on the degree to which health care providers can recognize both the impact of emotional problems and mood difficulties on their capacity to self-manage, and requirements for additional support. However, there is limited research on the psychological correlates of IGB therapy. This systematic review, for the first time, attempts to identify and synthesize the empirical evidence for the reciprocal influence between psychological variables and IGB outcomes. Methods: A literature search was performed in the PubMed, SCOPUS, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed using rigorous inclusion criteria and screening by at least 2 reviewers. The selected articles were assessed for quality using the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. Data were extracted to address the review aims and presented as a narrative synthesis. The review protocol was preregistered (Prospero CRD42019121291). Results: A total of 16,179 titles, 14,369 abstracts, and 51 full-text articles were screened, of which 16 studies were included. Findings suggest that female gender, older age, basic educational level, and single/divorced civil status, together with lower levels of depression, binge eating, higher perceived quality of life, and motivation to change were predictors of enhanced IGB treatment outcomes. Dissatisfaction with treatment was higher in those with impaired obesity-related social-life difficulties. The IGB treatment was effective in reducing weight and improving depression, anxiety, eating disorder symptoms, and the overall life quality of patients with obesity – mainly within 6 months from the device positioning and in conjunction with conventional therapies. Discussion/Conclusion: In line with the available literature on obesity and bariatric surgery interventions, poor mental health appears to be an important barrier for successful weight loss among patients with obesity undergoing IGB treatment. In order to improve the efficacy and effectiveness of the IGB therapy, more comprehensive and standardized studies are needed to provide insight into the psychological mechanisms maintaining weight management issues.

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