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Supplementary Material for: Quantitative Assessment of Acute Intracranial Clot and Collaterals on High Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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posted on 2024-07-04, 06:23 authored by Yuan W., Chen H.-S., Yang Y., Zhang M., Fang L., Wu S.-W., Li M., Liu C.-Y., Huang Y., Wang Y., Xu W.
Introduction: There has been an increasing demand for imaging methods that provide a comprehensive evaluation of intracranial clot and collateral circulation, which are helpful for clinical decision-making and predicting functional outcomes. We aimed to quantitatively evaluate acute intracranial clot burden and collaterals on high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI). Methods: We analyzed acute ischemic stroke patients with internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery occlusion in a prospective multicenter study. The clot burden was scored on a scale of 0-10 based on the clot location on HR-MRI. The collateral score was assigned on a scale of 0-3 using the minimum intensity projection from HR-MRI. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess their correlation with clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale >2 at 90 days). Thresholds were defined to dichotomize into low and high score groups and predictive performances were assessed for clinical and radiologic outcomes. Results: Ninety-nine patients (mean age of 60.77 ± 11.54 years) were included in the analysis. The interobserver correlation was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.77-0.95) for the clot burden score and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.53-0.90) for the collateral score. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the collateral score (odds ratio: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.19-0.90) was significantly associated with clinical outcomes. A better functional outcome was observed in the group with clot burden scores greater than 7 (p=0.011). A smaller final infarct size and a higher diffusion-weighted imaging-Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score were observed in the group with collateral scores greater than 1 (all p<0.05). Conclusions: HR-MRI offers a new tool for quantitative assessment of clot burden and collaterals simultaneously in future clinical practices and research endeavors.

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