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Supplementary Material for: Rapid Serological Tests for SARS-CoV-2: Diagnostic Performance of 4 Commercial Assays

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posted on 23.06.2021, 06:52 by deAlmeida S.M., Spalanzani R.N., Nogueira M.B., Sanada B., Cavalli B.M., Rotta I., Takahashi G.R.A., Pereira L.A., Moreira F.B., Dino C.L.T., Graf M.E., deAlmeida B.M.M., Domino N.R., Genelhoud G., Bochnia-Bueno L., Raboni S.M.
Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of lateral flow immunochromatographic assays (LFAs) of 4 different manufacturers to identify SARS-CoV-2 antibodies (IgM, IgG, or total), comparing them with the nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) or the clinical defined test (definite or probable SARS-CoV-2 infection, respectively). Methods: One hundred nineteen serum samples were randomly selected by convenience and distributed in the following groups: (1) group with SARS-CoV-2 infection (n = 82; RT-qPCR positive [definite, n = 70] and probable [n = 12]); (2) other diseases (n = 27; other viruses identified [n = 8] and SARS of other etiologies [n = 19]); and (3) healthy control group (n = 10). LFAs of 4 manufacturers were compared: MedTest Coronavirus (COVID-19) IgG/IgM (MedLevensohn, Brazil); COVID-19 IgG/IgM ECO Test (Ecodiagnóstica, Brazil); Camtech COVID-19 IgM/IgG Rapid Test Kit (Camtech Diagnostics Pte Ltd, Singapore); and 1-Step COVID-19 Test for total antibodies (Guangzhou Wondfo Biotech Co., China). Results: The 4 tests studied showed high diagnostic performance characteristics for the diagnoses of definite or probable SARS-CoV-2 infection. The best measures were for the Wondfo test: sensitivity (86.59%; 95% CI: 77.26–93.11%), specificity (100%; 90.51–100%), DOR (257; 60–1,008), LR+ (33.43; 4.82–231.85), LR− (0.13; 0.08–0.23), accuracy (90.76%; 84.06–95.29%), and Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) 0.82. Although considering only the probable SARS-CoV-2 infection (PCR−) cases, all the kits studied showed limited values. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate the excellent performance of LFA for the diagnoses of definite or probable SARS-CoV-2 infection. There was substantial heterogeneity in sensitivities of IgM and IgG antibodies among the different kits. LFA tests cannot replace molecular diagnostics but should be used as an additional screening tool.