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Supplementary Material for: Rapid and Efficient Differentiation of Rodent Neural Stem Cells into Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cells

posted on 05.06.2019, 12:39 by Li S., Zheng J., Chai L., Lin M., Zeng R., Lu J., Bian J.
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) may have beneficial effects in cell replacement therapy of neurodegenerative disease owing to their unique capability to differentiate into myelinogenic oligodendrocytes (OLs) in response to extrinsic signals. Therefore, it is of significance to establish an effective differentiation methodology to generate highly pure OPCs and OLs from some easily accessible stem cell sources. To achieve this goal, in this study, we present a rapid and efficient protocol for oligodendroglial lineage differentiation from mouse neural stem cells (NSCs), rat NSCs, or mouse embryonic stem cell-derived neuroepithelial stem cells. In a defined culture medium containing Smoothened Agonist, basic fibroblast growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor-AA, OPCs could be generated from the above stem cells over a time course of 4–6 days, achieving a cell purity as high as ∼90%. In particular, these derived OPCs showed high expandability and could further differentiate into myelin basic protein-positive OLs within 3 days or alternatively into glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive astrocytes within 7 days. Furthermore, transplantation of rodent NSC-derived OPCs into injured spinal cord indicated that it is a feasible strategy to treat spinal cord injury. Our results suggest a differentiation strategy for robust production of OPCs and OLs from rodent stem cells, which could provide an abundant OPC source for spinal cord injury.