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Supplementary Material for: Rapidly and Slowly Growing Lineages in Chromosomal Instability-Type Gland-Forming Gastric Carcinomas as Revealed by Multisampling Analysis of DNA Copy-Number Profile

posted on 09.01.2019, 14:34 by Duong T.T., Vo D.T.-N., Nakayama T., Mukaisho K., Bamba M., Nguyen T.S., Sugihara H.
Background: To examine whether gastric carcinoma (GC) with chromosomal instability (CIN-type GC), the largest category in the Cancer Genome Atlas classification, consists of a single genetic lineage, we conducted a multisampling analysis of genomic DNA copy-number profile. Methods: We performed array-based comparative genomic hybridization using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from 54 gland-forming GCs containing a total of 106 DNA samples from mucosal, extramucosal invasive, and lymph node lesions. Microarray data were analyzed by unsupervised hierarchical clustering and penetrance plots. Epstein-Barr virus infection status and mismatch repair (MMR) enzyme-silencing/p53/mucin expression were examined by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results: The samples examined were divided into gain-rich cluster A and loss-rich cluster B, which were different in tumor locus and patient age. The T1/T2–4 ratio, the frequency of small cancers (diameter ≤2–4 cm), and intestinal mucin expression were higher in cluster B than in cluster A, but there were no significant differences in the frequencies of MMR silencing, mutant p53 pattern, and lymph node metastasis between the 2 clusters. Conclusions: We demonstrated that CIN-type GC could be categorized into 2 genetic lineages which are different in terms of rapidity of local extension but similar in terms of nodal metastasis risk.