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Supplementary Material for: Sickle Cell Disease-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension: A Review of Pathophysiology, Management, and Current Literature

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posted on 23.09.2021, 12:02 by Sheikh A.B., Nasrullah A., Lopez E.D., TanveerUdDin M., Sagheer S., Shah I., Javed N., Shekhar R.
Sickle cell disease is an inherited hemoglobinopathy leading to the synthesis of hemoglobin S. Hemoglobin S results in the formation of abnormal sickle-shaped erythrocytes that lead to hematologic abnormalities such as hemolytic anemia and increased risks of thrombosis. Another particular problem encountered with the disease is pulmonary hypertension. The objective of this narrative review is to discuss the prevalence, pathophysiology mechanisms, diagnostic techniques, treatment options, and prognostic indicators in the setting of sickle cell disease with pulmonary hypertension. Additionally, the review also highlights other advancements that are being investigated. Considering the significant morbidity, mortality, and prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with sickle cell disease, it is important to account for the aforementioned domains in the future guidelines to provide optimal and individualized care to the high-risk individuals as well as reduce the progression of disease, morbidity, and mortality rates.

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