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Supplementary Material for: Skin Treatment with Detergent Induces Dermatitis with H1-Antihistamine-Refractory Itch and Upregulates IL-4 and Th17/Th22 Cytokine Gene Expression in C57BL/6 Mice

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posted on 05.08.2022, 09:10 authored by Masutani Y., Takai T., Kamijo S., Kimitsu T., Yoshimura T., Ichikawa S., Shimizu S., Ogawa T., Takada K., Tominaga M., Suto H., Takamori K., Ogawa H., Okumura K., Ikeda S.
Introduction: Repeated skin contact to detergents causes chronic irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) associated with itch sensation and eczema. However, the mechanisms of detergent-induced ICD are poorly understood. Here, we established a new murine model of detergent-induced ICD with H1-antihistamine-refractory itch. Methods: Ear skin of wild-type and mast cell-deficient mice on the C57BL/6 genetic background was treated with a detergent, sodium dodecyl/lauryl sulfate (SDS), daily for approximately 2 weeks with or without administration of an H1-antihistamine, fexofenadine. Skin inflammation, barrier dysfunction, and itching were analyzed. Quantitative PCR for earlobe gene expression and flow cytometry analysis for draining lymph node cells were conducted. Results: SDS treatment induced skin inflammation with ear swelling, increased transepidermal water loss, and hind-paw scratching behaviors in the wild-type and mast cell-deficient mice. The peak value of scratching bouts was retained for at least 48 h after the last SDS treatment. H1-antihistamine administration showed no or little reduction in the responses. SDS treatment upregulated gene expression for a Th2 cytokine IL-4 and Th17/Th22 cytokines, IL-17A, IL-17F, and IL-22, and increased cell numbers in draining lymph nodes of CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and γδT cells with enhanced expression of GATA3, RORγt, T-bet, or FOXP3 compared with untreated mice. Conclusions: The present study showed that SDS treatment of ear skin in C57BL/6 mice induces mast cell-independent skin inflammation with H1-antihistamine-refractory itch and suggested a possible Th cytokine- and/or lymphocyte-mediated regulation of the model. The model would be useful for elucidation of mechanisms for inflammation with H1-antihistamine-refractory itch in detergent-induced ICD.