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Supplementary Material for: Successful Treatment of a Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia Patient with Carbamazepine-Induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Using Oxcarbazepine Monotherapy: A Case Report

posted on 13.09.2021, 09:17 by Tran H.T., Nguyen K.V., Vercueil L.
Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is a rare condition characterized by abnormal involuntary movements that are precipitated by a sudden movement. PKD is often misdiagnosed with psychogenic movement disorders. Carbamazepine is usually the first choice of medication due to its well-established evidence but could induce Stevens-Johnson syndrome. We report a 21-year-old male patient with PKD referred to our movement disorders clinic after being misdiagnosed with conversion syndrome. PRRT2 gene testing using next-generation sequencing revealed a mutation in c.649dupC p. (Arg217fs). The patient responded well to carbamazepine but had to withdraw the treatment due to carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome after 3 weeks of medication. Our patient did not respond to trials of levetiracetam and phenytoin but finally responded well to oxcarbazepine. The patient was followed up for 4 years, during which he had no attacks and no side effects. Here, we present a PKD case with carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome successfully treated with oxcarbazepine despite the risk of cross-reactive skin eruption between these antiepileptics. Careful history taking and examining patient’s attacks are crucial to accurate diagnosis and treatment in PKD patients.