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Supplementary Material for: Tapering and Discontinuation of Thrombopoietin Receptor Agonist Therapy in Patients with Immune Thrombocytopenia: Results from a Modified Delphi Panel

posted on 31.03.2021, 09:45 by Cooper N., Hill Q.A., Grainger J., Westwood J.-P., Bradbury C., Provan D., Thachil J., Ramscar N., Roy A.
Background: Recent evidence suggests that in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) with a stable response on thrombopoietin receptor agonists, treatment may be tapered and/or discontinued. Objectives: The objective of this study was to provide a guide for tapering and discontinuation of TPO-RA therapy in patients with ITP, based on hematologist survey results, existing evidence, and expert consensus. Patients/Methods: UK hematologists completed a survey to characterize self-reported practice patterns related to TPO-RA tapering and discontinuation in patients with ITP. Using a modified Delphi panel approach, ITP experts developed consensus statements regarding the use of TPO-RA tapering and discontinuation. Results: Survey respondents estimated that 30–34% of their patients were suitable for tapering or discontinuation and that 29–35% of these patients required treatment re-initiation after an average treatment-free interval of 86–106 days. No clear predictors of patient suitability or response to tapering or discontinuation were identified. The ITP expert consensus was that approximately 30% of patients are eligible for tapering and discontinuation, which may be considered after 6–12 months for patients demonstrating an adequate treatment response (platelet count >50,000/µL at ≥75% of assessments in the preceding 6 months). Treatment re-initiation may be considered if the platelet count decreases or if the patient becomes symptomatic. Individual differences need to be taken into account when considering TPO-RA tapering or discontinuation. Conclusions: Tapering and discontinuation of TPO-RA therapy may be considered for certain patients with ITP. Further study is needed to better predict patients likely to achieve sustained off-treatment responses after tapering and discontinuation.