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Supplementary Material for: The cHS4 Chromatin Insulator Reduces the Rate of Retroviral Vector-Mediated Gene Dysregulation Associated with Aberrant Vector Transcription

posted on 21.04.2017, 07:52 by Zhou X., Liu Q., Wang D., Zhang X., Emery D.W., Li C.L.

Integrating gammaretroviral vectors can dysregulate the expression of cellular genes through a variety of mechanisms, leading to genotoxicity and malignant transformation. Although most attention has focused on the activation of cellular genes by vector enhancers, aberrant fusion transcripts involving cellular gene sequences and vector promoters, vector splice elements, and vector transcription termination sequences have also been mechanistically associated with dysregulated expression of cellular genes. Chromatin insulators have emerged as an effective tool for reducing the frequency of vector-mediated genotoxicity and malignant transformation and have been shown to block the activation of cellular genes by vector enhancers. We report here evidence that flanking a gammaretroviral reporter vector with the cHS4 chromatin insulator also reduces the frequency of vector-mediated cellular gene dysregulation associated with aberrant vector transcripts, including vector transcription run-through and aberrant splicing. We demonstrate that the cHS4 element does not function to terminate transcription directly, implicating other mechanisms for this activity.