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Supplementary Material for: The first pediatric case of a IFT140 heterozygous deletion causing autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease – Case report

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posted on 2024-06-06, 07:28 authored by Seeman T., Šuláková T., Bosáková A., Indráková J., Grečmalová D.
Introduction: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease, which is mainly caused by pathogenic variants in two particular genes: PKD1 and PKD2. ADPKD caused by variants in other genes (GANAB or IFT140) is very rare. Case report: In a 6-year-old girl examined for abdominal pain, a cystic mass in the upper part of the right kidney was detected during an abdominal ultrasound. She was referred to pediatric oncology and urology for suspicion of a tumorous mass and the condition was assessed as a cystic nephroma. A heminephrectomy was then performed on the upper cystic part of the right kidney. The histological examination was inconclusive, therefore genetic testing was recommended. Kidney and liver cysts were detected sonographically in the mother, but DNA analysis of the PKD1 and PKD2 genes did not reveal any pathogenic variant; the cause of the pathological formation in the kidneys remained unclear. Nine years later, next-generation sequencing of a panel of genes for kidney disease was performed and a heterozygous deletion was found on chromosome 16; this included exon 13 of the IFT140 gene. The same deletion was found in the patients mother. Currently, the patient is 14-year-old, has mild sonographic findings, normal glomerular filtration, mild proteinuria and hypertension. Conclusion: Pathogenic variants of the IFT140 gene very rarely cause ADPKD; however they should be considered in all children with autosomal dominant forms of PKD and asymmetric/atypical cystic kidney involvement or negative findings of PKD1 and PKD2.

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    Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis

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