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Supplementary Material for: The introduction of an MR-conditional prototype for cardiopulmonary bypass support – technical aspects and system requirements

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posted on 2023-05-25, 10:25 authored by Volker Eulenburg, A. C. Bouman, A. J. ten Cate-Hoek, B. L. T. Ramaekers, M. A. Joore, Michael Finiguerra, David E. Avery, Hans G. Dam, Isabelle Mahé, Raluca Sterpu
Abstract Introduction: The use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP; also known as a heart-lung machine) in newborns with complex congenital heart defects may result in brain damage. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessments cannot be performed safely because the metal components used to construct CBP devices may elicit adverse effects on patients when they are placed in a magnetic field. Thus, this project aimed to develop a prototype MR-conditional circulatory support system that could be used to perform cerebral perfusion studies in animal models. Methods: The circulatory support device includes a roller pump with two rollers. The ferromagnetic and most of the metal components of the roller pump were modified or replaced and the drive was exchanged by an air-pressure motor. All materials used to develop the prototype device were tested in the magnetic field according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard F2503-13. The technical performance parameters, including runtime/durability as well as achievable speed and pulsation behavior, were evaluated and compared to standard requirements. The behavior of the prototype device was compared with a commercially available pump. Results: The MRI-conditional pump system produced no image artifacts and could be safely operated in the presence of the magnetic field. The system exhibited minor performance-related differences when compared to a standard CPB pump, feature testing revealed that the prototype meets the requirements (i.e., operability, controllability, and flow range) needed to proceed with the planned animal studies.

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