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Supplementary Material for: Treatment of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis with the Combination of Infliximab and High-Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin

posted on 03.05.2012, 00:00 by Gaitanis G., Spyridonos P., Patmanidis K., Koulouras V., Nakos G., Tzaphlidou M., Bassukas I.D.
Background: Therapeutic evidence for toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is indicative for high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin yet inconclusive for corticosteroids. Objective: To describe the combination of corticosteroids, infliximab and a high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin course for TEN. Patients and Methods: In three patients (SCORTEN survival probabilities: 41.7%, 64.2%, 41.7%) disease control was evaluated by (a) employing quantitative image analysis to measure progression of skin detachment and (b) patients’ outcome (complete re-epithelization). Published cases of TEN treatments with infliximab were retrieved from PubMed. Results: Within 48 h skin disease progression was arrested in all patients. Two patients were discharged after 3 weeks without any sequels from skin or conjunctivae. One patient passed away on the ninth day, however with noticeably improved skin (mortality rate: 33% observed vs. 50% expected). A PubMed search retrieved five TEN patients treated successfully with infliximab. Conclusion: The described combination presents a feasible therapeutic alternative for TEN that warrants further evaluation.