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Supplementary Material for: Ultrathin Bronchoscopy for the Diagnosis of Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions: A Meta-Analysis

posted on 22.11.2022, 08:57 authored by Kim S.H., Kim J., Pak K., Eom J.S.
Background: Ultrathin bronchoscopy (external diameter, ≤3.5 mm) is useful for the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions because of its good accessibility. Objectives: We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the diagnostic yield of ultrathin bronchoscopy for peripheral pulmonary lesions. Methods: We performed a systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (from inception to May 2021), and meta-analysis was performed using R software. The diagnostic yield was evaluated by dividing the number of successful diagnoses by the total number of lesions, and subgroup analysis was performed to identify related factors. Results: Nineteen studies with a total of 1,977 peripheral pulmonary lesions were included. The pooled diagnostic yield of ultrathin bronchoscopy was 0.65 (95% confidence interval, 0.60–0.70). Significant heterogeneity was observed among studies (χ2, 87.75; p < 0.01; I2, 79.5%). In a subgroup analysis, ultrathin bronchoscopy with 1.2 mm channel size showed a diagnostic yield of 0.61 (95% confidence interval, 0.53–0.68), whereas ultrathin bronchoscopy with 1.7 mm channel size showed 0.70 (95% confidence interval, 0.66–0.74) (χ2, 5.35; p = 0.02). In addition, there was a significant difference in diagnostic yield based on lesion size, histologic diagnosis (malignant vs. benign), bronchus sign, and lesion location from the hilum, whereas no significant difference was found based on lobar location. The overall complication rate of ultrathin bronchoscopy was 2.7% (pneumothorax, 1.1%). Conclusions: Ultrathin bronchoscopy is an excellent tool for peripheral pulmonary lesion diagnosis with a low complication rate. The diagnostic yield of ultrathin bronchoscopy was significantly higher with larger channel size, which might be attributed to the availability of radial endobronchial ultrasound.