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Supplementary Material for: Uncovering the Potential Differentially Expressed miRNAs and mRNAs in Ischemic Stroke Based on Integrated Analysis in the Gene Expression Omnibus Database

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posted on 09.09.2020, 09:38 by Zhu X., Liu X., Liu Y., Chang W., Song Y., Zhu S.
Introduction: Ischemic stroke is the third leading cause of death. There is no known treatment or cure for the disease. Moreover, the pathological mechanism of ischemic stroke remains unclear. Objective: We aimed to identify potential microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs, contributing to understanding the pathology of ischemic stroke. Methods: First, the data of miRNA and mRNA were downloaded for differential expression analysis. Then, the regulatory network between miRNA and mRNAs was constructed. Third, top 100 differentially expressed mRNAs were used to construct a protein-protein interaction network followed by the function annotation of mRNAs. In addition, in vitro experiment was used to validate the expression of mRNAs. Last, receiver operating characteristic diagnostic analysis of differentially methylated genes was performed. Results: Totally, up to 26 differentially expressed miRNAs and 1,345 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. Several regulatory interaction pairs between miRNA and mRNAs were identified, such as hsa-miR-206-HMGCR/PICALM, hsa-miR-4491-TMEM97, hsa-miR-3622b-5p/hsa-miR-548k-KLF12, and hsa-miR-302a-3p/hsa-miR-3145-3p-CTSS. MAPK signaling pathway (involved DUSP1) and the Notch signaling pathway (involved NUMB and CREBBP) were identified. The expression validation of KLF12, ARG1, ITGAM, SIRT4, SERPINH1, and DUSP1 was consistent with the bioinformatics analysis. Interestingly, hsa-miR-206, hsa-miR-4491, hsa-miR-3622b-5p, hsa-miR-548k, hsa-miR-302a-3p, hsa-miR-3145-3p, KLF12, and ID3 had the potential diagnostic value of ischemic stroke. Conclusions: The identified differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs may be associated with the development of ischemic stroke.

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