Supplementary Material for: Up-Regulation of GATA4 Regulates Human Lens Epithelial Cell Function in Age-Related Cataract
datasetposted on 19.06.2020, 08:52 by Xie X., Song X., Liu X., Luo X., Nabijiang M., Ma M., Li Y.
Purpose: GATA4 has emerged as a novel regulator that plays a critical role in mediating senescence. However, the role of GATA4 in age-related cataract (ARC), the leading cause of visual impairment, requires further elucidation. Methods: GATA4 expression was measured by quantitative RT-PCR and capillary Western immunoassay (WES). The MTT assay, EdU assay, and rhodamine-123/Hoechst and calcein-AM/propidium iodide double staining were used to investigate the role of GATA4 in the viability, proliferation, and apoptosis of cultured human lens epithelial cells (HLECs). Results: HLECs were subjected to 3 different treatment models, including prolonged exposure to low-dose H2O2, UVB irradiation, and mild heating, to simulate senescence and apoptosis. GATA4 expression was significantly increased in these models in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Overexpression of GATA4 reduced cell viability, accelerated apoptosis development, and reduced the proliferation of HLECs. Furthermore, the expression of GATA4 from ARC was up-regulated at both mRNA and at protein level compared with clear lenses. Conclusion: GATA4 is up-regulated in all 3 models of HLECs in vitro and the cells from ARC lenses in vivo. Up-regulation of GATA4 mediates HLEC dysfunction. GATA4-mediated effects in HLECs would provide a novel insight into the pathogenesis of ARC.