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Supplementary Material for: Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Addition to Cross-Sectional Imaging for Indeterminate Renal Cysts May Lead to Overclassification in Bosniak III Category: A Case-Control Study

posted on 21.07.2021, 10:56 by Audenet F., Sapetti J., Delavaud C., Verkarre V., Correas J.-M., Mejean A., Timsit M.-O.
Introduction: Indeterminate renal cysts may require several imaging modalities before clinical decision. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the imaging modality used to characterize indeterminate renal cysts on the pathological findings after surgical resection. Methods: From our institutional database, we identified all patients surgically treated for Bosniak III renal masses between January 2008 and January 2018. All complex renal cysts were characterized with a combination of computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and discussed during a multidisciplinary tumor board. Potential association between clinical/radiological characteristics and the pathological findings were investigated, using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Of the 52 renal cystic lesions surgically removed, with a preoperative diagnosis of Bosniak III renal cyst, 19 (37%) were malignant and 33 (63%) were benign. The proportion of malignant lesions decreased from 47% when the renal cyst was characterized with cross-sectional imaging (CT and/or MRI) to 17% when the diagnosis required CEUS in addition to cross-sectional imaging. In multivariate analysis, prior history of renal cell carcinoma was associated with a higher risk of malignancy (p = 0.016) and diagnosis made with CEUS was associated with a lower risk of malignancy (p = 0.040). Conclusion: We found that using CEUS in addition to cross-sectional imaging to characterize indeterminate renal cysts tends to redefine Bosniak III as lesions with a lower risk of malignancy and can lead to overclassification.