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Supplementary Material for: Utility of True Fast Imaging with Steady-State Precession in Detecting Arachnoid Veils of the Posterior Fossa

posted on 19.04.2021, 13:42 by Kashanian A., Binesh N., Pressman B.D., Danielpour M.
Introduction: Arachnoid membranes are well recognized as a cause of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow impairment in disorders such as obstructive hydrocephalus and syringohydromyelia, but can be difficult to detect with standard noninvasive imaging techniques. True fast imaging with steady-state precession (TrueFISP) can exhibit brain pulsations and CSF dynamics with high spatiotemporal resolution. Here, we demonstrate the utility of this technique in the diagnosis and management of arachnoid membranes in the posterior fossa. Case Presentations: Three symptomatic children underwent cine TrueFISP imaging for suspicion of CSF membranous obstruction. Whereas standard imaging failed to or did not clearly visualize the site of an obstructive lesion, preoperative TrueFISP identified a membrane in all 3 cases. The membranes were confirmed intraoperatively, and postoperative TrueFISP helped verify adequate marsupialization and recommunication of CSF flow. Two out of the 3 cases showed a decrease in cerebellar tonsillar pulsatility following surgery. All children showed symptomatic improvement. Conclusion: TrueFISP is able to detect pulsatile arachnoid membranes responsible for CSF outflow obstruction that are otherwise difficult to visualize using standard imaging techniques. We advocate use of this technology in pre- and postsurgical decision-making as it provides a more representative image of posterior fossa pathology and contributes to our understanding of CSF flow dynamics. There is potential to use this technology to establish prognostic biomarkers for disorders of CSF hydrodynamics.