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Supplementary Material for: Whole-Exome Sequencing in 10 Unrelated Patients with Syndromic Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Preliminary Step for a Genotype-Phenotype Correlation

posted on 14.01.2022, 07:26 by Marzano A.V., Genovese G., Moltrasio C., Tricarico P.M., Gratton R., Piaserico S., Garcovich S., Boniotto M., Brandão L., Moura R., Crovella S.
Background: The genetics of syndromic hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), an immune-mediated condition associated with systemic comorbidities such as inflammatory bowel diseases and arthritis, has not been completely elucidated. Objective: To describe clinical features and genetic signature of patients with the main syndromic HS forms, i.e., PASH, PAPASH, and PASH/SAPHO overlapping. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) approach was performed in ten patients with syndromic HS. Results: Three clinical settings have been identified based on presence/absence of gut and joint inflammation. Four PASH patients who had also gut inflammation showed three different variants in NOD2 gene, two variants in OTULIN, and a variant in GJB2, respectively. Three PAPASH and three PASH/SAPHO overlapping patients who had also joint inflammation showed two different variants in NCSTN, one in WDR1 and PSTPIP1, and two variants in NLRC4, one of whom was present in a patient with a mixed phenotype characterized by gut and joint inflammation. Limitations: Limited number of patients that can be counterbalanced by the rarity of syndromic HS. Conclusion: Syndromic HS can be considered as a polygenic autoinflammatory condition; currently WES is a diagnostic tool allowing more accurate genotype-phenotype correlation.