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Supplementary Material for: Whole-Exome Sequencing in Critically Ill Neonates and Infants: Diagnostic Yield and Predictability of Monogenic Diagnosis

posted on 08.07.2021, 09:53 by Scholz T., Blohm M.E., Kortüm F., Bierhals T., Lessel D., vanderVen A.T., Lisfeld J., Herget T., Kloth K., Singer D., Perez A., Obi N., Johannsen J., Denecke J., Santer R., Kubisch C., Deindl P., Hempel M.
Introduction: Monogenic diseases play an important role in critically ill neonates and infants treated in the intensive care unit. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic yield of whole-exome sequencing (WES) for monogenic diseases and identify phenotypes more likely associated with a genetic etiology. Methods: From March 2017 to 2020, a comprehensive diagnostic workup including WES in a single academic center was performed in 61 unrelated, critically ill neonates and infants with an unknown underlying disease within the first year of life. We conducted 59 trio-WES, 1 duo-WES, and 1 single-WES analyses. Symptoms were classified according to the Human Phenotype Ontology. Results: The overall molecular genetic diagnostic rate within our cohort was 46% (28/61) and 50% (15/30) in the subgroup of preterm neonates. Identifying the genetic cause of disease facilitates individualized management in the majority of patients. A positive or negative predictive power of specific clinical features for a genetic diagnosis could not be observed. Conclusion: WES is a powerful noninvasive diagnostic tool in critically ill neonates and infants with a high diagnostic rate. We recommend initiating WES as early as possible due to the impact on management and family counseling. Recommendations regarding the clinical utility of WES in critically ill neonates and infants should not be based on the phenotype alone. Here, we present a clinical workflow for the application of WES for critically ill neonates and infants in an interdisciplinary setting.