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Supplementary Material for: Lower Gastrointestinal Surgery: Robotic Surgery versus Laparoscopic Procedures

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journal contribution
posted on 20.02.2018, 09:07 by Baukloh J.-K., Perez D., Reeh M., Biebl M., Izbicki J.R., Pratschke J., Aigner F.
Introduction: For a long time, the comprehensive application of minimally invasive techniques in lower gastrointestinal (GI) surgery was substantially impaired by inherent anatomical and technical complexities. Recently, several new techniques such as robotic operating platforms and transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) have revolutionized the minimally invasive approach. This review aims to depict the current state of the art and evaluates the advantages and drawbacks in regard to perioperative outcome and quality of oncological resection. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using the search terms ‘colorectal cancer’, ‘rectal cancer’, ‘minimally invasive surgery’, ‘laparoscopic surgery’, and ‘robotic’ to identify relevant studies reporting on robotic surgery (RS) either alone or in comparison to laparoscopic surgery (LS). Publications on taTME were analyzed separately. Results: 69 studies reporting on RS with a total of 20,872 patients, and 17 articles on taTME including 881 patients, were identified. Conclusion: Both RS and taTME can facilitate a minimally invasive approach for lower GI surgery in an increasing number of patients. Furthermore, combining both techniques might become an auspicious approach in selected patients; further prospective and randomized trials are needed to verify ist benefits over conventional laTME.