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Supplementary Material for: The Prevalence and Long-Term Outcomes of Extreme Right versus Extreme Left Ventricular Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

posted on 25.10.2016, 09:59 by Guo X., Fan C., Wang H., Zhao S., Duan F., Wang Z., Yan L., Yang Y., An S., Li Y.

Objectives: Extreme left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a known risk factor for sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Extreme right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) is rare, and whether it is linked to a poor outcome is unknown. This study was designed to investigate differences between HCM patients with extreme RVH and those with extreme LVH. Methods: Among 2,413 HCM patients, 31 with extreme RVH (maximum right ventricular wall thickness ≥10 mm) and 194 with extreme LVH (maximum left ventricular wall thickness ≥30 mm) were investigated. The main clinical features and natural history were compared between the 2 groups. Results: The prevalence of extreme RVH and extreme LVH was 1.3 and 8.0%, respectively. Patients with extreme RVH tended to be younger and female (p < 0.01). Cardiovascular-related mortality and morbidity within 10 years were significantly greater in the extreme RVH group (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated 3 independent predictors for cardiovascular mortality - extreme RVH, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension ≥50 mm, and age ≤18 years at baseline - and 2 for morbidity - extreme RVH and presyncope. Conclusions: Compared with extreme LVH, extreme RVH was quite uncommon in HCM and had a worse prognosis. A right ventricle examination should be performed in routine HCM evaluation.