Supplementary Material for: Functional Characterization and Pharmacological Evaluation of a Novel GLA Missense Mutation Found in a Severely Affected Fabry Disease Family

Background: Fabry disease (FD) is a rare X-linked storage disorder resulting from the deficient activity of the lysosomal hydrolase α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A). Here we describe a 23-year-old man with FD possessing a novel mutation in the GLA gene, the evaluation of his family, and the functional characterization of the novel variant. Methods: Two generations of a family were screened for FD by clinical symptoms and low enzymatic activity. This step was followed by DNA sequencing that showed a novel GLA missense mutation. To confirm the pathogenicity potential of the mutation, we employed site-directed polymerase chain reaction mutagenesis. GLA wild-type and mutant plasmids were transfected into mammalian cells; RNA and proteins were extracted for expression and analysis of enzymatic activity. Results: The patient presents the variant p.Asn34Asp in the GLA and had several manifestations of FD since adolescence. The investigation of the deficiency of α-Gal A was initiated due to stage 4 of chronic kidney disease. All family members carrying the novel mutation presented early symptoms, including index case’s mother, who received a renal transplant when she was 35 years old. In silico and in vitro analysis confirmed the pathogenic potential of the mutation p.Asn34Asp showing that the enzyme had only 4% of residual activity due to protein misfolding. The ability of the pharmacological chaperone 1-deoxygalactonojirimycin to recover the mutant was confirmed, producing 37.5% of residual activity. Conclusion: In this work, we present a novel missense mutation in GLA that leads to the production of a catalytically competent α-Gal A, which is degraded before its delivery to the lysosome, promoting severe manifestations of FD, with a very similar disease course in affected men and women.