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Supplementary Material for: Deep Learning-Based Model Significantly Improves Diagnostic Performance for Assessing Renal Histopathology in Lupus Glomerulonephritis

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posted on 2022-06-07, 09:48 authored by Shen L., Sun W., Zhang Q., Wei M., Xu H., Luo X., Wang G., Zhou F.
Background: Assessment of glomerular lesions and structures plays an essential role in understanding the pathological diagnosis of glomerulonephritis and prognostic evaluation of many kidney diseases. Renal pathophysiological assessment requires novel high-throughput tools to conduct quantitative, unbiased, and reproducible analyses representing a central readout. Deep learning may be an effective tool for glomerulonephritis pathological analysis. Methods: We developed a murine renal pathological system (MRPS) model to objectify the pathological evaluation via the deep learning method on whole-slide image (WSI) segmentation and feature extraction. A convolutional neural network model was used for accurate segmentation of glomeruli and glomerular cells of periodic acid-Schiff-stained kidney tissue from healthy and lupus nephritis mice. To achieve a quantitative evaluation, we subsequently filtered five independent predictors as image biomarkers from all features and developed a formula for the scoring model. Results: Perimeter, shape factor, minimum internal diameter, minimum caliper diameter, and number of objects were identified as independent predictors and were included in the establishment of the MRPS. The MRPS showed a positive correlation with renal score (r = 0.480, p < 0.001) and obtained great diagnostic performance in discriminating different score bands (Obuchowski index, 0.842 [95% confidence interval: 0.759, 0.925]), with an area under the curve of 0.78–0.98, sensitivity of 58–93%, specificity of 72–100%, and accuracy of 74–94%. Conclusion: Our MRPS for quantitative assessment of renal WSIs from MRL/lpr lupus nephritis mice enables accurate histopathological analyses with high reproducibility, which may serve as a useful tool for glomerulonephritis diagnosis and prognosis evaluation.


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