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Supplementary Material for: Increased Hepatic Microvascular Density, Oxygenation, and VEGF in the Hypertrophic Lobe following Portal Vein Embolization in Rabbits

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posted on 2021-07-15, 12:15 authored by Uz Z., Ergin B., Shen L., vanLienden K.P., Rassam F., Olthof P.B., Bennink R.J., Ince C., vanGulik T.M.
Introduction: The microvascular events following portal vein embolization (PVE) are poorly understood despite the pivotal role of the microcirculation in liver regeneration and tumor progression. We aimed to assess the changes in hepatic microvascular perfusion and neo-angiogenesis after experimental PVE. Methods: PVE of the cranial liver lobes was performed in 12 New Zealand White rabbits divided into 2 groups of permanent (P-PVE) and reversible PVE (R-PVE), respectively. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy and CT were used to evaluate hepatic function and volume. Hepatic microcirculation was assessed using a handheld vital microscope (Cytocam) to measure microvascular density (total vessel density; TVD) before PVE, right after PVE, and 20 min after PVE, as well as at 14 days (D14 post-PVE) and 35 days (D35 post-PVE). Additionally, on D35, microvascular PO2 and liver parenchymal VEGF were assessed. Results: Eleven rabbits were included after PVE (R-PVE, n = 5; P-PVE, n = 6). TVD in the nonembo­lized (hypertrophic) lobes was higher than in the embolized (atrophic) lobes of the P-PVE group at D35 post-PVE (36.7 ± 7.2 vs. 23.4 ± 4.9 mm/mm2; p < 0.05). In the R-PVE group, TVD in the nonembolized lobes was not increased at D35. Function and volume were increased in the nonembolized lobes of the P-PVE group compared to the embolized lobes, but not in the R-PVE group. Likewise, the mmicrovascular PO2 and VEGF staining rate were higher in the nonembolized lobes of the P-PVE group at D35 post-PVE. Discussion/Conclusion: Successful volumetric and functional hypertrophy of the nonembolized lobe was accompanied by microvascular alterations featuring increased neo-angiogenesis, microvascular density, and microvascular oxygen pressure following P-PVE.


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