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Supplementary Material for: Mild Cognitive Impairment and Progression to Dementia in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

posted on 08.09.2017, 13:29 by Pilotto A., Gazzina S., Benussi A., Manes M., Dell'Era V., Cristillo V., Cosseddu M., Turrone R., Alberici A., Padovani A., Borroni B.
Background: Cognitive deficits are common in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), but their relevance and the progression to dementia are still poorly described. The recently revised criteria for PSP consider cognitive dysfunction in the diagnostic work-up. Methods: The study retrospectively evaluated a series of 99 PSP patients with Richardson syndrome (PSP-RS), subgrouped according to cognitive and behavioural performances into PSP with normal cognition (PSP-NC), PSP with mild cognitive impairment (PSP-MCI), and PSP with dementia (PSP-D). The progression to dementia at the 3-year follow-up was assessed. Results: At baseline, 15.2% of patients were classified as PSP-NC, 43.4% as PSP-MCI, and 41.4% as PSP-D. During the 3-year follow-up, 21 out of 29 patients, previously classified as PSP-NC or PSP-MCI, converted to dementia, with an incidence rate of 241 per 1,000 patients/year. Nineteen out of 21 PSP patients (90%) developed the behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia phenotype. The only factor associated with conversion to dementia was MCI diagnosis at baseline (p = 0.023). Conclusion: Cognitive decline occurs in a great proportion of PSP-RS patients early during the disease course. In the absence of a specific phenotype, the diagnosis of MCI might identify PSP patients at greatest risk of developing dementia and should be considered further in the diagnostic assessment.