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Supplementary Material for: Plasma Exchange as an Adjunctive Therapy for Crescentic IgA Nephropathy

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posted on 17.08.2016 by Xie X., Lv J., Shi S., Zhu L., Lijun Liu, Chen M., Wang Y, Cui Z., Wang X., Li Liu, Yu X., Zhou F., Zhao M., Zhang H.

Background: Crescentic IgA nephropathy (CreIgAN) has a poor prognosis despite aggressive immunosuppressive therapy. The efficacy of plasma exchange (PE) in CreIgAN is not well defined. Methods: Twelve patients with severe CreIgAN who received PE as addition to routine immunosuppressive therapy, followed for more than 6 months, were involved. Twelve matched historical controls who received immunosuppressive therapy alone were selected by propensity score matching. Renal survival, plasma IgA-IgG complex and active complement products were assessed. Results: Nine men and 3 women received a median of 7 PE courses (range 5-10). Their baseline urine protein excretion rate was 5.8 (4.5-8.7) g/day, and their serum creatinine level was 705.3 ± 296.4 μmol/l. During a mean follow-up of 15.6 months (6-51 months), 6 of the 12 PE group patients were free of dialysis, while all the control patients were dialysis dependent (6 of 12 vs. 0 of 12, p = 0.014). In the PE group, dialysis had to be restarted for 1 patient owing to the development of severe pneumonia and pulmonary failure. PE was associated with a higher kidney survival rate (log rank test, p = 0.026) during follow-up. It also significantly decreased plasma IgA-IgG complex levels (pre-PE: 85.3 ± 25.9% vs. post-PE: 38.4 ± 12.4%, p < 0.001) and plasma and urinary active complement product levels, including C3a, C5a and soluble C5b-9. The latter levels remained low until the last follow-up. Conclusion: This study indicated that PE could increase renal recovery rates in severe CreIgAN.


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